Sykes Picot Agreement And Isis
The prosecution`s case is that the Sykes Picot Plan set artificial boundaries that did not reflect the demographic, cultural and social identity of the various communities that had lived for centuries under Ottoman sovereignty. The signatories of the agreement are accused of not having respected the promise made to the Arabs not to have respected their rebellion against the Turks. This leads to the accusation that they laid the groundwork for a partition of Palestine that ignored the rights of indigenous Palestinians. The agreement was first used directly as the basis for the Anglo-French Vivendi mode of 1918, which provided a framework for the management of enemy occupied territories in the Levant. More broadly, it should indirectly lead to the subsequent division of the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman defeat of 1918. Shortly after the war, the French ceded Palestine and Mosul to the British. Mandates in the Levant and Mesopotamia were awarded at the San Remo Conference in April 1920, according to the Sykes-Picot framework; the British Mandate for Palestine lasted until 1948, the British Mandate for Mesopotamia was to be replaced by a similar treaty with Iraq, and the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon lasted until 1946. The Anatolian parts of the agreement were assigned by the Treaty of Sèvres of August 1920; But these ambitions were thwarted by Turkey`s war of independence in 1919/23 and the treaty of Lausanne that followed. In the chain of agreements between France, Russia and Britain, Russian claims were first approved: France confirmed its agreement on April 26 and Britain on May 23 with formal sanction on October 23. The Franco-English agreement was confirmed in an exchange of letters on 9 and 16 May.
 The French chose Picot as French High Commissioner for the soon-to-be-occupied territory of Syria and Palestine. The British appointed Sykes as political director of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. On April 3, 1917, Sykes met with Lloyd George, Curzon, and Hankey to receive his instructions on the matter, namely to keep the French next door while pushing for British Palestine. First Sykes in early May, then Picot and Sykes traveled together to the Hejas in May to discuss the deal with Faisal and Hussein. :166 Hussein was persuaded to accept a formula that preferred that the French in Syria should have the same policy as the British in Baghdad; As Hussein believed that Baghdad would be part of the Arab state, this had finally satisfied him. Subsequent reports from participants expressed doubts about the exact nature of the discussions and the extent to which Hussein had actually been informed of Sykes-Picot`s conditions.  The protocol, which was recorded at a Big Four meeting in Paris on March 20, 1919 and attended by Woodrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, and Lloyd George and Arthur Balfour, explained British and French views on the agreement. This was the first topic addressed during the discussion on Syria and Turkey and was at the center of all the discussions that followed. . .