What Did Countries Agree To In The Paris Agreement Of 2015
First, the agreement aims to obtain quasi-universal measures and participation from countries. It will apply to all parts of the UNFCCC – including major emerging economies such as India and China – instead of requiring emission reductions only from industrialized countries, as was the case in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. In addition, national climate targets, which are associated with countries rather than with the agreement, will be more political than legal and will be defined at the national level. „This structure has put many countries on the line,“ said Todd Stern, U.S. Special Envoy for Climate Change and a leading U.S. negotiator for the Paris Agreement. A study published in 2018 shows a threshold where temperatures could rise to 4 or 5 degrees (ambiguous expression, continuity would be „4-5 degrees Celsius“) compared to pre-industrial levels, compared to pre-industrial levels, thanks to returns of self-amplitude in the climate system, indicating that this threshold is below the 2-degree temperature target agreed in the Paris climate agreement. Study author Katherine Richardson points out: „We find that in its history, the Earth has never had a nearly stable state, warmer than that of pre-industrial, and suggests that there is a significant risk that the system itself, because of all these other processes, will want to continue warming, even if we stop emissions. This means not only reducing emissions, but much more.  The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to commitments that belong exclusively to the other and there was concern that there was a disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. just as Britain`s vote to leave the EU could delay the Paris pact.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  Recognizing that many developing countries and small island developing states that have contributed the least to climate change are most likely to suffer the consequences, the Paris Agreement contains a plan for developed countries – and others that are capable of doing so – to continue to provide financial resources to help developing countries reduce and increase their resilience to climate change.