What Does Plea Agreement Mean
Our editors will review what you have submitted and decide whether or not to revise the article. In 1969, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the conviction of a man who had been sentenced to five death sentences after pleading guilty to five counts of robbery because the trial judge had failed to ensure that guilty pleas were voluntary (Boykin v. Alabama). Judges now ensure that guilty pleas are voluntary by questioning defendants in court. Poland has also introduced a limited form of pleading, which applies only to minor offences (punishable by imprisonment not exceeding 10 years). The trial is called „voluntary sentencing“ and allows the court to impose an agreed penalty without reviewing the evidence, which significantly shortens the process. There are certain specific conditions that must be met at the same time: in weak cases (where the guilt and conviction of the jury are less certain), more pressure can be exerted to negotiate) than in strong cases. Prosecutors tend to be heavily motivated by conviction rates, and „there are many signs that prosecutors are willing to go a long way to avoid losing cases [and that] prosecutors, if they choose to pursue such weak cases, are often willing to go a long way to ensure that a plea is made.“  Prosecutors often have great power to create a desired incentive when choosing which charges to submit.
For this reason. In some jurisdictions, prosecutors and defendants may work with judges to determine in advance what sentence defendants will receive if defendants accept pleas. In most jurisdictions, however, the role of judges in hearing pleadings is limited. For example, federal judges retain final authority over sending decisions and are not bound by prosecutors` recommendations, even though the recommendations are part of the pleas. Similarly, federal judges may not be directly involved in plea bargains. The pleas have been defended as a voluntary exchange that better represents both parties, as the accused have many procedural and substantive rights, including the right to try and appeal a guilty verdict. By pleading guilty, defendants waive these rights in exchange for an obligation of the prosecutor, such as . B a reduced charge or a more favourable penalty.  For an accused who believes that a conviction is almost certain, a discount on the verdict is more useful than an unlikely chance of acquittal.  The prosecutor obtains a conviction while avoiding having to devote time and resources to preparing for the trial and a possible trial.  Similarly, pleas help save money and resources for the court where the lawsuit takes place.
It also means that victims and witnesses do not have to testify at trial, which can be traumatic in some cases.  Plea negotiations are so common in California`s superior courts (the general courts of first instance) that the California Judicial Council has released an optional seven-page form (with all the mandatory guidance required by federal and state law) to help prosecutors and defense attorneys reduce these negotiations to written plea agreements.  In cases such as a motor vehicle collision where there is possible civil liability against the defendant, the defendant may agree to plead „no challenge“ or „guilty with a civil reservation,“ which is essentially an admission of guilt without admitting civil liability. A plea is simply the trial between the prosecutor and the defense lawyer. .